The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines – practice

Because my Political Science 14 class of Prof. Gene L. Pilapil required us to read (and memorize and understand) Articles 6, 7 and 8 of the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, I thought of an idea how to internalize it quite deeply. This post is made as my practice/training ground to really know and understand the constitution. This is purely based on what I have read and memorized while reading the thin booklet edition of the constitution which I bought from a bookstore. Since I just started only a few weeks ago, I only just memorized few sections of the first required article and later on, there shall be improvement.

When I memorized and understood all 3 articles and the examination comes, there will be a big chance that I would get a perfect score in Test 2 which is all about the constitution. If I get a perfect score, I would be the “immortal being” and would receive a personalized bookmark from our professor. All hopefuls.

(Please, don’t mind the “as may be provided by law”, “unless otherwise provided or fixed by law” phrases. I promise I will perfectly write it in my answer sheet on the examination day)

Article 6 (Legislative Department)

Section 1. The legislative power shall be vested in the Congress of the Philippines which shall consists of a Senate and a House of Representatives, except to the extent reserved to the people by the provision on initiative and referendum.

Section 2. The Senate shall be composed of twenty four (24) Senators who shall be elected at large by the qualified voters of the Philippines, as may be provided by law.

Section 3. No person shall be a Senator unless, he is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines and on the day of the election is at least thirty-five (35) years of age, able to read and write, a registered voter and a resident of the Philippines for not less than two years immediately preceding the day of the election.

Section 4. The term of office of the Senators shall be six years and shall commence, as provided by law, at noon on the thirtieth (30th) day of June next following their elections. Voluntary renunciation in the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of his office for the full-term for which he was elected.

Section 5.

1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of not more than two hundred and fifty (250) members, unless otherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected from legislative districts apportioned in the provinces, cities and the Metropolitan Manila area in accordance with the number of their respective inhabitants, and on the basis of a uniform and progressive ratio, and those who, as provided by law, shall be elected through a party-list system of national, regional and sectoral parties or organizations.

2. The party-list representatives shall constitute twenty per centum (20%) of the total number of representatives including those under the party-list. For three consecutive term after the ratification of this constitution, one-half of the seats allocated to the party-list representatives shall be filled, as provided by law, by selection or election from  the labor, peasant, urban poor, indigenous cultural communities, women, youth and such other sectors as may be provided by law, except the religious sector.

3. Each legislative districts shall comprise, as far as practicable, contiguous, compact and adjacent territory. Each city with a population of at least two hundred fifty thousand (250,000), or each province, shall have at least one representative.

4. Within three years following the return of every census, the Congress shall make a reapportionment of legislative districts based on the standards provided in this section.

Section 6. No person shall be a member of the House of Representatives, unless he is a natural-born citizen, and on the day of the election is at least, twenty five (25) years of age, able to read and write, and except the party-list representatives, a registered voter in the district in which he shall be elected, and a resident of the Philippines thereof for a period of not least than two years immediately preceding the day of the elections.

Section 7. The Members of the House of Representatives shall be elected for a term of three years which shall begin, unless otherwise provided by law, at noon on the thirtieth (30th) day of June next following their election. No member of the House of Representatives shall serve for more than three terms. Voluntary renunciation in the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of his office for the full-term for which he was elected.

Section 8. Unless otherwise provided by law, the regular election of the Senators and the Members of the House of Representatives shall be held on the second Monday of May.

Section 9. In case of vacancy in the Senate or in the House of Representatives, a special election may be called to fill such vacancy in the manner prescribed by law, but the Senator or Member of the House of Representatives thus elected shall serve only for the unexpired term.

Section 10. The salaries of the Senators and the Members of the House of Representatives shall be determined by law. No increase in the said compensation shall take effect until after the expiration of the full term of all the members of Senate and House of Representatives approving such increase.

Section 11. The Senator or Members of the House of Representatives shall, in all offenses punishable by not more than six years imprisonment, be privileged from arrest while the Congress is in session. No member shall be questioned or be held liable in any other place for speech or debate in the Congress or in any committee, thereof.

Section 12. The Senators or Members of the House of Representatives shall, upon assumption in the office, make a full disclosure of their financial and business interests. They shall notify the House concerned of a potential conflict of interest that may arise from the filling of a proposed legislation of which they are authors.

(By the end of this month/year, I shall memorize Article 6 and understand them.)

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