Pateros is far from becoming a city. Here’s why

The National Capital Region of the Philippines is composed of 16 cities and 1 municipality. Pateros remains that only municipality in NCR after the national government ratified the law which converted San Juan as highly urbanized city in 2008, leaving Pateros behind.

Converting a municipality into a city takes time and law. A municipality has to achieve/satisfy the pre-requisites of Republic 9009 (amendment to Section 450 of the Local Government Code).

In this post, I analyzed why Pateros, given its current condition and profile, is far from becoming a city while looking at the requirements provided by the law.

“A municipality or a cluster of barangay has a locally generated average annual income of at least One hundred million pesos (P100,000,000.00) for the last two (2) consecutive years based on 2000 constant prices”

Pateros’ annual income: Php130,022,600 (2011)

                                           Php128,767,040 (2012)

Pateros’ average annual income: Php129,384,820

Verdict: The income requirement of at least P100,000,000 is SATISFIED

Pateros is known for its Balut - one of its main industries. Photo from Pateros government website

Pateros is known for its Balut – one of its main industries. Photo from Pateros government website

(And either of the two pre-requisites)

The municipality shall have “a contiguous territory of at least one hundred (100) square kilometers, as certified by the Land Management Bureau”

Pateros’ land area: 210 hectares or 2.1 square kilometers

Verdict: The land area requirement of 100 square kilometers is NOT SATISFIED

Map and boundaries of Pateros. Photo from wazzuppilipinas.com

Map and boundaries of Pateros. Photo from wazzuppilipinas.com

The municipality shall have “a population of not less than one hundred fifty thousand (150,000) inhabitants, as certified by the National Statistics Office”

Pateros’ population: 64,147

Verdict: The population requirement of at least 150,000 is NOT SATISFIED

Therefore, only one of the two requirements is satisfied by Pateros.

Pateros’ population and land use

While Pateros satisfied the income requirement of the law, unsure it is for the municipality to maintain that condition due to the fact that 91.62% of its land is dedicated primarily as residential while only 3.13% is commercial. To make the 3% positive, branches of a number of banks in the country is located in one street in Pateros. Land for industrial purposes is also low at only 0.39% while it is swiftly moving away from agriculture with a current 0.88% of the land.

The dream of Pateros to having an SM mall. Photo from Facebook page: Sana may SM na rin ang Pateros

The dream of Pateros to having an SM mall. Photo from Facebook page: Sana may SM na rin ang Pateros

There is also the issue of internal migration away from Pateros due to the lack of major businesses offering better jobs of which can be given/offered by nearby cities. Only the low rental fee encourages people to move to the municipality. The lack of educational institutions such as university and colleges adds up to the burden, which has currently no local university, though vocational and technical schools are abundant. Therefore, the population requirement can be attained later than sooner, considering the 1.12% low annual population growth rate of Pateros.

Pateros’ claim to Fort Bonifacio

In 1991, the Pateros municipal government filed a case against Makati (then a municipality) to declare the portions of Fort Bonifacio (then Fort William McKinley) as its jurisdiction. Pateros said, based on historical and original records, it has a total land area of 1,038 hectares while believing that Fort Bonifacio is originally theirs. When Makati was converted into a city, the case was declared moot because the disputable area becomes legitimate territory of the newly established city at that time. When Fort Bonifacio was legally transferred to Taguig from Makati, Pateros continued its legal cry creating a three-man battle.

Pateros joined Taguig and Makati in Fort Bonifacio claim. Photo from Saksi GMA News

Pateros joined Taguig and Makati in Fort Bonifacio claim. Photo from Saksi GMA News

Recently, the Court of Appeals junked the petition of the municipal government to transfer portions of Fort Bonifacio to Pateros due to the lack of new arguments against those presented in the February 2015 motion for reconsideration.

Fort Bonifacio could have been a big contribution to municipality’s dream of becoming a city considering its more than 300 square kilometers in area and an income that is more than that of Pateros.

As of writing, Pateros has yet to file another motion for reconsideration to the Court of Appeals’ October 2015 ruling.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________

References:

http://bworldonline.com/content.php?section=Nation&title=appellate-court-junks-pateros&8217-claim-on-makati-including-fort-bonifacio&id=102262

and http://www.lawphil.net/judjuris/juri2009/jun2009/gr_157714_2009.htmlPateros’ claim to Fort Bonifacio

http://gwt11.grapikom.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Pateros.pdf Pateros’ income

http://beta.pateros.gov.ph/subpages/population.aspxPateros’ land area

https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/attachments/hsd/pressrelease/National%20Capital%20Region.pdf Pateros’ population

http://1ganapguardianspateros.yolasite.com/Pateros’ logo

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